Worshiping ancestors

Ancestor worship is all forms of rituals and worship to show respect, morality, drink water, remember the source, be grateful to ancestors, grandparents, parents who gave birth and created life for descendants – those who belong to the first generation of a family line, with grandparents, parents who have passed away in Tho Ha ancient village

The custom of worshiping ancestors of Tho Ha ancient village originated from the agricultural economy in the ancient patriarchal society. When Confucianism was introduced to Vietnam, filial piety was enhanced, making ancestor worship have a deep philosophical foundation. Family, clan, and the issue of “honorable family” are emphasized.

In the 15th century, Confucianism took a dominant position in society, and the Le dynasty institutionalized ancestor worship. The Hong Duc Code clearly stipulates that the descendants must worship their ancestors for 5 generations (being a child themselves, counting backwards for 4 generations is: Father, mother, grandparents, great-grandmother, cavalry); incense fields, incense lamp fields, economic bases to maintain ancestor worship even if poor descendants were not allowed to sell them… In the Nguyen Dynasty, ancestor worship rituals were clearly recorded in the book “Tho Mai Gia Le. ”

It is not necessary to have a full tray of food, just need a stick of incense (incense) on the ancestral altar on holidays, Tet, or death anniversary, children and grandchildren in the family can also show their respect and return to their roots. source, remembering deceased loved ones.

For a long time, ancestor worship has become a custom, a moral standard and a human principle; It is also an important part of the spiritual life of Tho Ha ancient village people. Vietnamese people respect courtesy, filial piety to their parents and filial piety to their ancestors and their origin.

First of all, the altar is a place of remembrance, it is like a miniature world of the deceased. The two lamps represent the Sun, the Moon, and the incense is the star. From these basic characteristics, the Tho Ha ancient village people have gradually assembled into the altar many other sacred auxiliary images. When the fire was discovered, people noticed that only smoke rose and gradually the smoke and fire entered the festival, from which there were candles and incense in the belief.

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