Van Thi Temple

Van Thi Temple is a historical and cultural relic in Thanh Binh ward near Tam Coc Ninh Binh. The temple worships the ancestor of Cheo singing Pham Thi Tran, a typical celebrity from the Dinh Dynasty in the 10th century. The temple is located on the same land complex with Ninh Binh Cultural House and Ninh Binh Cheo Theatre. Her career was developed and known since she was recommended by an official to the capital Hoa Lu to participate in dancing and singing, teaching the palace maids and soldiers of the court. According to Hy ward pedigree of Poinsettia Luong The Vinh (1441-1496), around the Thai Binh era (970-979), when he heard that King Dinh Tien Hoang issued a decree to find people who were good at singing and dancing, the mandarin guarded the locality. Hong Chau recommended Pham Thi Tran to the Hoa Lu court near Tam Coc Ninh Binh. She was awarded the title of Uu Ba by King Dinh, specializing in teaching dance and singing in the army

Ms. Pham Thi Tran’s way of procession of rowing drums in the Dinh Dynasty has great encouragement for the fighting spirit of soldiers. Cheo singing began to take shape from that time. For the same reason, the vast countryside in the North of Vietnam is very developed in cheo singing. In particular, with the combination of King Dinh’s policy, Pham Thi Tran created a very heroic and powerful drumming technique used both in performance and in battle, which is still handed down to this day. When she died, the people honored her as the ancestor of cheo singing. In the churches and pagodas of the villages, the tablet dedicated to her is usually placed in the middle. Ms. Pham Thi Tran is worshiped at two monuments: Phu Cho of Hoa Lu Ancient Citadel Complex near Tam Coc Ninh Binh and Van Thi Temple next to Ninh Binh Cheo Theater. In Ninh Binh, there are two relics worshiping Ms. Pham Thi Tran, Phu Cho in Truong Yen commune, belonging to Hoa Lu ancient capital, worshiping the mandarin in charge of singing Ngu Lau Dai Vuong and Ms. Pham Thi Tran. The main relic worshiping Pham Thi Tran is Van Thi Temple located in the center of Ninh Binh city. Van Thi Temple was built on an area of 350 m2, it is said that since the reign of Ly Thai Tong, it has been degraded over time. From 1992 to 1996, the temple was restored and restored. On December 21, 2012 the temple was recognized as a historical and cultural relic.

In the temple, the statue of Mrs. Pham Thi Tran is placed in the center, in addition, there is a tablet to worship other historical figures of the Dinh Dynasty who are also related to the fields of theater art. To commemorate Ms. Pham Thi Tran’s contributions to the art of Cheo singing, those who work in the Vietnamese Cheo theater industry and Cheo mats and the ancient Cheo village organize: “The death anniversary of the ancestors of cheo singing” every year on the 12th day of the 8th lunar month. Since 2011, the State of Vietnam has taken the 12th of August (lunar calendar) every year as “Vietnam Theater Day”. Every year on this occasion, at the ruins of Van Thi temple, Ninh Binh people together with Ninh Binh Cheo theater artists hold a festival to honor the ancestor of Cheo stage according to traditional rituals.

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