Marriage and funerals

Marriage of the Hmong in Sapa Vietnam is through trading and partly believing in beliefs. During the interrogation ceremony, the Hmong believe that the couple is compatible or not because of the worshiping ceremony of “watching the chicken’s feet”. The daughter is valued through the material value of meat, wine, silver, and opium. Each wedding usually requires from 60 to 120 white silver coins, from 60 kg to 120 kg of pork, from 60 kg to 120 kg of wine and some opium. The more material value the bride’s family requires for the boy’s family, the more perfect the daughter is in terms of talent. In the marriage relationship, aunt’s children, aunt’s children, and uncle’s children are allowed to get married. The special thing is that his son is allowed to marry her daughter, which is a good thing in the family (good water does not flow into human fields). The Hmong have a custom that a sister-in-law is allowed to marry a sister-in-law (if her brother dies), whereas a sister-in-law has the right to marry her brother-in-law to preserve property and is responsible for raising her brother’s grandchildren. If the brother-in-law is married, the sister-in-law can only be a concubine. In case the family does not have a brother-in-law, the sister-in-law is allowed to marry a cousin.

The custom of taking a wife is very common: a group of young people from 3 to 5 people, organize a meeting to welcome the way to kidnap a girl and bring her home (whether the girl is willing or not). During the time when the daughter was robbed, all relatives, family, and brothers were not allowed to participate in the rescue. After two days of robbing his wife, the groom’s family sent someone to pay an honorary fine to rob his wife and notify the girl’s family of the incident. After that, the two families discussed and set an auspicious date to hold the marriage ceremony for the couple. In the marriage relationship between people in the same family line is strictly forbidden, not allowed to get married. Those who are not brothers but have the same family name, marriage is also very reserved. The Hmong in Sapa Vietnam believe that the marriage relationship with other clans will make the business prosper and the new race well developed.

In the past, funerals of the Hmong were usually held for 5 to 7 days, now reduced to 2 to 3 days. When someone’s family dies, they go to invite someone (the magician) to come and perform the rituals of worshiping and singing to open the way, and then proceed to the burial (the linen robe is the only way to be reunited with the ancestors). The way to behave is different from place to place: there is a place for the dead on a “stretch” hanging in front of the altar or on a bench placed across the door. There are places where the dead are placed in the coffin but not covered to make it easier to see the dead person’s face. While singing, opening the way to the story of the chicken leading the dead back to the ancestors, a dead chicken with its feathers on it was placed in a bowl of cornmeal below the dead person. In funerals, the Hmong in Sapa Vietnam use the trumpet and drum to see off the dead to their ancestors. After the burial is complete, if the man is a man, they will plant 9 branches and leaves, and the women will plant 7 branches to distract the soul of the dead and not return to harm family members. The ceremony to bring the dead person’s soul back to the ancestors after burial or lasts a year or a few years.

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