History, culture

In 2012, geologists discovered 64 caves and rock roofs in the core area of Trang An near Tam Coc Ninh Binh. Through investigation and investigation, it has been shown that the prehistoric cave archaeological remains are the most prominent feature in the core area of this heritage site. The prehistoric community of Trang An settled in caves or rock roofs, distributed concentratedly in the limestone swamp valleys, under the great influence of environmental changes caused by the waves. receding sea. The prehistoric inhabitants here were the first people to access and exploit the sea in Vietnam, creating a combination of limestone working tools, long-term maintenance of the hewn industry, early sawing techniques, grinding; making and using popular ceramics. Prehistoric cultural and archeological evidences in Trang An near Tam Coc Ninh Binh are rich and diverse, which is a real source of historical materials that demonstrate the special economic, cultural and social changes of the community here under the influence of the local community. impacts of changes in limestone environment, fluctuations of ancient climate, sea level in tropical monsoon region. These are the most typical evidences for the continuous habitation in caves before, during and after the sea advance. The characteristics of the ancient Vietnamese people in Trang An are the tradition of exploiting and using terrestrial and marine molluscs, the tradition of hunting diverse, broad-spectrum, hunting many species, each species has a little bit and does not lead to destruction. exterminate those animals. The tradition of making and using limestone tools, the emergence of grinding, sawing and pottery-making techniques and farming in the swampy valley are unique features that make up the outstanding universal value of the ensemble. archeological sites here. It can be thought that the system of prehistoric archaeological sites in Trang An also contains unique or at least special evidence of the existing or lost cultural traditions or civilizations of mankind.

Trang An is associated with the historical and cultural values of the ancient capital of Hoa Lu. In 968, Dinh Bo Linh unified the country, established the Dai Co Viet state, and established the capital in Hoa Lu near Tam Coc Ninh Binh. Hoa Lu citadel consists of 3 consecutive citadel: East citadel, West citadel and South citadel. The East Citadel is located in the east, bordering the plains, where the palace is located, so it is called the outer citadel; The Western citadel is located in the interior bordering the mountains, where the mandarins and the logistics area live, so it is called the inner citadel. The southern citadel was wider, a rugged high mountain area to defend and protect the citadel now known as Trang An. With such terrain characteristics, Hoa Lu capital is likened to a stone capital with the following characteristics: mountains are cities, rivers are roads, caves are palaces.

According to legend, King Dinh Tien Hoang wanted to affirm that Hoa Lu capital near Tam Coc Ninh Binh was as great as Trang An capital of the North, so he ordered Nguyen Bac to show the couplet “Co Viet Quoc is currently Tong Khai Bao – Hoa Lu in Han Trang An urban area”. . In 1010, King Ly Thai To changed Hoa Lu to Trang An and Dai La to Thang Long. The name Trang An is officially associated with the ancient capital of Hoa Lu – Ninh Binh. Currently, Trang An belongs to the special protection zone of Hoa Lu ancient capital according to the decision No. 82/2003/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister of Vietnam. This area has been recognized by UNESCO as the core area of Trang An world cultural and natural heritage.

The discovery of the Trang An cave system in the ground gradually revealed the decision to establish the capital of King Dinh Tien Hoang at Hoa Lu in the early period of a centralized feudal state. It is also an important basis for the king to assert the independence and sovereignty of the nation based on the strength of the nation. This is shown by making full use of the advantages of nature, turning limestone mountains into sarcophagi to reduce human and property strength. Trang An topography is the link between Hoa Lu and Thang Long, making Vietnamese people have a recollection of historical events that took place in Hoa Lu citadel near Tam Coc Ninh Binh and the continuation in Thang Long citadel until the end of the year. Hanoi then.

When dredging in the caves, scientists discovered many relics from the 10th century. There is an area with many important ruins, confirming that it is also the place where the former powers of the world lived. In the 14th century, the Tran Dynasty was like ceramic pots and antique dishes. These ruins are very similar to those found in the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long. Trang An was also the capital of the resistance war against Nguyen Mong of the Tran Dynasty.

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