Brocade of the Mong people

After being woven into a cloth, the flax fiber will be dyed with indigo leaves, an indispensable plant in the home garden of the Mong people. A white cloth dipped in indigo water once will turn out a light indigo color, then dried. If you want the fabric color to be darker, then dip it in indigo water to dry next time, again. Want to dye indigo black as desired before dyeing, the fabric is always dipped in cold water to absorb evenly and then dipped in a bucket of indigo water. The fabric is dyed and dyed many times over many days. The Mong people in Sapa Vietnam often soak the cloth in indigo solution for about an hour, then take it out to drain and then soak it again. That process is repeated until the desired fabric color is obtained. Soaking time for the fabric to be glossy black depends on the weather, in a dry period, each piece of cloth only needs 3 to 4 days to complete, if it rains, the fabric can take a long time to dry, sometimes it can last up to a month. Because of being dyed so carefully, the indigo color of Mong dresses is always fresh and eye-catching.

To create bright color patterns on the cloth, the Hmong people in Sapa Vietnam devised a very unique method that is to use beeswax to paint on the white fabric. The tool used to draw wax patterns is a brush made of copper, there are many types used to draw lines of different sizes, the patterns are mainly rectangles and squares, made by skillful hands of people. Women perform carefully and meticulously. When this stage is completed, the whole cloth will be dyed indigo, where there is no beeswax pattern will be dyed into black indigo, and where the indigo beeswax cannot penetrate, then the beeswax is melted. go, where the patterns painted with beeswax will become blue and white patterns. This is the secret that seems to be very simple but very smart and creative of the H’Mong people.

Even more talented is the process of creating patterns on fabrics, Mong women unleash their creativity to embroider on artistic brocade patterns. The cross-shaped and nail-shaped border decorative boxes are transformed in a variety of ways, not only that, but they are also combined with the squares or triangles with broken contours nested in the layouts. other department. Usually, the pieces of cloth of the Mong people have two main shapes, which are round and cross. According to the Mong people’s concept, the circular patterns represent the tiger’s claws, a symbol of the strength of the Mong community, while the cross-shaped motifs represent the chicken’s feet to show hard work. in the productive labor of the people.

In addition to those motifs, Mong women also creatively combine pieces of different colored fabrics to make the dress more special. In addition, most of the motifs printed on a white linen background are often pre-shaped as parts of the shirt and skirt. After finishing the decoration of each individual part, the Hmong woman sews a complete dress or shirt. Generation after generation, the elderly teach young people the secrets of flax spinning, the secret of weaving, dyeing, painting, beeswax printing and embroidery on indigo fabric to create beautiful elaborate costumes. The traditional primitive features of brocade dresses created from the skillful hands of Hmong women in Sapa Vietnam are the factors that make brocade weaving products of the Mong people even more unique and attractive to tourists near and far.

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