Architecture and sculpture of the temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang

The temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang is located on a prime location, in front there is Ma Yen mountain as a criminal record, behind is Phi Van mountain range as the posterior occipital near Tam Coc Ninh Binh. The temple was built in imitation of the palace style, with the structure of “Internal and foreigner”. The overall architectural plan begins with Ngo Mon Quan, building 2 floors and 8 roofs, this is the traditional architectural style that the ancients wanted through it to show the philosophical interpretation of the universe and view it

Passing Ngo Mon in temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang near Tam Coc Ninh Binh is related to two layers of doors with similar architecture, Nghi Mon Outer and Nghi Mon Inner. Nghi Mon has a three-row column structure, built in the seventeenth century. The theme of decoration here is quite diverse, mainly the image of the Dragon. With sophisticated technique of bong station, dragon station here is represented in the form of Dragon drive, Dragon Dan carries the wishes of the ancients about the belief of prosperity. Besides the dragon theme, the artist also carved decorative themes of folk origin such as the scene of people fighting animals, fairies riding the Dragon. In general, these carvings go into the topic of daily life, but have a high sculptural value, full of symbolism. It has the effect of making the architecture alive, close and with its own beauty.

A unique national treasure decorated in the Dragon Court is the Dragon Sieve. Long sieve is carved with monolithic green stone. Through the decoration topics, we have shown the talent of the 17th century artist. The face of the dragon sieve is carved with a rather large dragon motif with a fat body, covered with single scales, and a flaming blade. The dragon here is not only a symbol of the power of kingship, it is also a mascot that prays for good weather and rain – the millennial wish of agricultural residents. Diem Long Sang floating symbols related to water sources such as fish, shrimp. Around the Long sieve is divided into small cells, decorated with motifs of lemon flowers and phoenixes. In particular, here the artist has depicted quite clearly the image of a strong buffalo, perhaps the ancients wanted through sculpture to convey the idea of Dinh Bo Linh’s childhood with the classic chess game. wipe. To create a majesty, both sides of the dragon sieve, artisans carve a pair of dragons in the style of a saddle. This combination has created for Long ready to take the throne.

Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang near Tam Coc Ninh Binh is also the place to discover the art of stone carving by 19th century artisans. On the stone thresholds and the foot of the ancient rock, with sophisticated art of floating stations and floating stations, artisans of the Nguyen Dynasty have shown many decorative themes such as: “Four Spirits” (Long, Ly, Quy. Phuong). ), “Four quarters” (Tung, Cuc, Truc, Mai or Mai, Lan, Cuc, Truc), “Long hi Thuy”, “Long Ham Tho”, “Bat buu”… Here, the artist also Touch the famous landscapes of Hoa Lu such as: Dong bridge, Den bridge, Thap pagoda, Ngang communal house… These images are reminiscent of famous landmarks of Hoa Lu Capital.

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